Despite the undeniable reputation of Java programming language, the Android platform was in search of a modern language that can provide some additional benefits in App development. Kotlin was last year announced as the official language for Android and it tried to meet the requirements of developers. It is a great language as it is robust and statically typed. But does that make it the preferred choice for the Android App development? What about the Java which is in use for more than 20 years, and Android itself is built on it and has been hugely popular among the Android developers.
Java has its own importance and is hard to compete with. So which language is a better option to select? The answer to this important question depends on this blog post, but before that the pros and cons of both language are mentioned for better understanding.
Introduction to Java
Java is an object-oriented language created by Sun Micro systems, now owned by Oracle. It is around 20 years old language, and it is used for both web and mobile app development. It has been observed people having knowledge of Java, have a lot of job opportunities. You may not want to develop only Android apps with Java. It has more functionality to offer. But if it is particularly about the mobile app development than knowing its pros & cons is important.
Pros of Java
- Simple to learn and implement.
- Works great for native & cross-platform app development.
- A large chunk of Java libraries is available for Android. Also, it has a big open-source ecosystem.
- Java apps take less space and more compact, in comparison to Kotlin apps, resulting in faster loading.
- Java helps in faster app development, letting developer to code more in less time.
- Assembling large projects is easier in Java.
Cons of Java
- It is a type-heavy language, needs a lot of code to write, increasing the chances of errors and bugs.
- It has some compatibility problems with the Android API design.
- It is slower than other programming language and needs space.
Introduction to Kotlin
Pros of Kotlin
- Kotlin is faster to write and is more in demand. If a functionality requires 30 lines of code in Java, it needs 3-4 lines in Kotlin. This reduces the number of errors and bugs.
- It helps in the building clean APIs.
- With the help of Java byte code, Java libraries and frameworks in Kotlin, moving from Java to Kotlin is smooth.
- Kotlin has a null feature in its type system too, something missing in Java. Kotlin uses null, greatly removing that pain point.
- The presence of Anko Library is of great help and there’s a very active collection of projects on Github.
Cons of Kotlin
- It has a highly concise syntax and needs some learning upfront.
- It is slow in compilation speed than Java, even though it is better than Java in a few instances.
- The Kotlin has a new community and the learning resources are limited, thus getting answers to problems is a bit difficult. But, with its growing demand, the resources will expand in time.
- Since Kotlin is quite new, finding professional developers who can work as a mentor for your team is tough. Everyone is learning and experiencing it.
- Android Studio features as auto-complete and compilation work slower in Kotlin.
What Kotlin does better?
- It eliminates the trouble experienced while adding an existing object.
- Removes the need to know new languages.
- Eliminates the necessity to write native code for a few features.
So Which is Better?
To be fair, chances are very high that you have a team of developers who are more familiar with Java. Moving the whole team to Kotlin can be quite shocking, thus it is important to make the transition a bit slowly, like one or two-person at a time. As mentioned earlier, Kotlin is a new official language and with its modern structure, it will be adopted in the future in large numbers, so learning it right now is a perfect idea. Though Java will remain a popular language for a few more years and isn’t likely to be completely replaced. Thus take some time and do research to make the switch gently. At the end of the day, mobile app development requires expertise. Like mentioned in the beginning, to be a professional app developer, you must have knowledge of Java language. But if you already know about it, Kotlin is a perfect language to learn for future endeavors.
Out of several programming paradigms, it’s not simple to say which language will be the best or reap desired results. Both Java & Kotlin have their own set of strengths and weakness. There are several scenarios where one programming approach is more effective than other users. Understanding all the above features, pros and cons Kotlin is better than Java when combined with the latest innovations.